Female sex hormones play an important role in the body of the fairer sex. These are substances which have the nature of a steroidal origin.
The woman's body there are two main hormones - estrogen and progesterone is.
Estrogens called female hormone, which is produced mainly by the ovaries, adrenal cortex, placenta and testes. The natural estrogens include hormones such as estrone, estradiol and estriol.
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Why sex hormones?
Sex hormones, estrogens are involved in the process of puberty and are necessary for the development of female secondary sex characteristics.
In addition, they are required to regulate the menstrual cycle resulting from ovarian cycling during the reproductive period from the onset of puberty and up to the menopause (normally not last more than 40 years).
Estrogens (female hormones) are involved in metabolism, thus exerting influence on the synthesis and activity of most enzymes and proteins, accelerating the process of absorption of different substances in the intestine, support the normal structure of the skin, bone, and blood vessels. Moreover they enhance blood clotting, decrease the amount of harmful cholesterol and provide a host of other beneficial effects. Therefore, a decrease in estrogen levels in women can lead to various diseases.
Progesterone group of female hormones progestin (or progestogen) is synthesized by the ovaries, adrenal cortex, and placenta of the circulating cholesterol. Like estrogen, this hormone plays an important role in regulating the menstrual cycle, ensures the normal course of pregnancy and labor. Furthermore, progesterone is involved in the metabolism (metabolism) of proteins and carbohydrates, and has a number of other physiological effects.
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Causes of hormonal disorders in women
These female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are extremely important to maintain the health of the woman's body. And any negative factors can lead to an increase or a decrease in their number. There are many reasons because of which there is a hormonal crash.
Climax. The most frequent cause of failure of hormonal women, aged over 40 years, is the onset of menopause. At this time the female body is rebuilt because of the fact that the ovaries stop producing eggs that, in turn, is reflected in the body is hormone estrogen.
Puberty. Hormonal disruptions are often observed in young girls during puberty, which is characterized by the formation of reproductive functions. In some cases, the level of sex hormones in the body can bounce back only after she becomes pregnant and gives birth.
Pregnancy and childbirth. The happiest moment in the life of every woman, related to pregnancy and childbirth can trigger the development of hormonal failure, and this phenomenon is not uncommon. However, after childbirth hormonal balance is stabilized, and the level of sex hormones returns to normal.
Hormonal agents. A large number of women and young girls to use female sex hormones in the pill as a contraceptive. The use of these medications can cause hormonal imbalance. Besides oral contraceptives containing female hormones in some other medicaments (for treatment of dermatological diseases, neurosis, allergy and others.).
Stress. Often the violation level of sex hormones in the female body are preceded by frequent experiences and stress. On this basis can occur due to hormonal failure, central nervous system that affects the endocrine system, which is involved in hormone production. Therefore, the more a woman is going through, the greater the risk of hormone imbalance.
Wrong way of life. These include a great number of factors that affect the level of sex hormones. For example, the wrong mode of the day, when you sleep less laid 8-10 hours a day, because of what the experience chronic sleep deprivation for a long time. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can cause hormonal failure.
Malnutrition. Due to an unbalanced diet can cause hormonal imbalance. Firstly, poor diet is usually caused by diets that are so manic use modern girl. As a result, reduce meal woman's body does not receive nutrients in the right amount to produce certain hormones. However, not only diet can trigger hormonal failure: frequent overeating or improper diet (fast food, fast food, or overly fatty foods) can cause various disorders in hormone levels.
Excess weight. The increase in body weight, particularly obesity, significantly reduces the production of sex hormones in a woman's body, which is mainly reflected in the imbalance of these hormones.
Gynecological diseases. Hormonal failure can be caused by certain gynecological diseases. In this case, the body uses its strength to fight the disease, and not for the production of hormones. Previously performed gynecological surgery and abortions can have a negative impact on the level of sexual hormones.
Infectious diseases. Colds, such as acute respiratory infections and colds, can cause hormonal failure. It is proved that migrated in childhood, these diseases can seriously affect the hormones women in the future.
Physical exercise. Excessive exercise can adversely affect the level of sex hormones in the female body.
Hormones need to be a careful balance, because if their level changes in large, and in the smaller side, in other words, they noted an imbalance, it can lead to serious consequences.
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The symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women
On the hormonal failure woman's body is able to react differently, and sometimes seemingly familiar manifestations may be the result of it is hormonal failure. To learn about the possible disorders should familiarize yourself with the list of symptoms that often indicate a hormonal imbalance.
Failures of the menstrual cycle. If you noted an unstable menstrual cycle (frequent delays or even complete absence of menstruation for a certain period of time), it may indicate a possible hormonal disorders.
Mood swings and irritability unfounded. When you have very often changes the mood or is it almost always bad: you show aggression or anger often break on the surrounding (usually for no reason), yielding negative emotions that in everyday life you are not inherent, it could be another sign of hormonal imbalance. These include apathy and depression.
Sudden weight gain. When hormonal failure is fairly common manifestation of rapid weight gain, regardless of what kind of food you eat. On the one hand, unbalanced diet can act as a direct factor of weight gain, and be a catalyst in the hormonal disorders, in other words, in violation of the level of hormones in the body, you are able to gain weight, even if you will be on a strict diet.
Decreased sex drive. There are cases when the hormonal imbalance reduces libido in young women, and while there is partial or complete loss of interest in sexual activity.
Sleep disorders and chronic fatigue. Violation of the level of hormones in a woman's body is often accompanied by poor sleep quality and fatigue. Dream becomes strong, you often wake up at night or for a long time can not sleep. You have noted a sense of fatigue even when you are not busy with anything, ie You are at rest.
Headache. Frequent headaches may indicate possible hormonal failure.
Hair loss. Another feature related to the violation of hormone levels in the body as that of girls and women, can be intense hair loss.
Other symptoms. When hormonal imbalance can occur and other signs which are purely individual character. These characteristics include: uterine fibroids, vaginal dryness, breast Fibrocystic education and even the early appearance of wrinkles on the face.
If you found some signs indicating an abuse of hormone levels, it is necessary as soon as possible to seek medical assistance from experienced professionals. In this case you should visit a doctor therapist and gynecologist. Diagnostics for hormonal failure is collecting blood count and analysis on hormones.
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Treatment of hormonal disorders in women
Treating hormonal imbalance is assigned exclusively the doctor and you should not self-medicate, because only an expert on the basis of the clinical picture (your symptoms) and the results of tests to determine what level of sex hormones should be given back to normal.
Treatment begins with hormonal disorders to identify the causes that led to the emergence of hormonal failure. It is necessary to eliminate the main factor that provoked the imbalance of hormones: hormonal contraceptives, the use of diet, stress and so on. Otherwise, the effect of the treatment will not be as hormones may again be broken. After the elimination of the causes of the doctor prescribes medication to restore the balance of hormones and their further development.
Hormones in the pills must be taken with caution, and only on prescription. Only competent and receiving the correct dosage of drugs that are designed to restore and maintain normal sexual hormones in the required amount, ensures the improvement of health. However, the main side effect of drug treatment is a sharp increase in weight, which is noted by many patients.
The alternative in this case may receive funds based on natural ingredients of plant origin. Such drugs are able to restore hormonal balance, providing more gentle effect on the body. This group includes homeopathic medicines and biologically active additives.
The treatment period will depend on the cause and severity of hormonal imbalance. On complete restoration of normal levels of sex hormones in the body can take from a few weeks to a year. Only preventive measures can prevent the emergence of hormonal imbalance.
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Prevention of hormonal disorders in women
To avoid serious consequences associated with hormonal failure, you should regularly checkups and tests. It is also possible to avoid the negative factors that can trigger a violation of the number of sexual hormones.
It is very important at the first sign of failure produce female hormones immediately visit a qualified specialist. If this is not done in time, to restore the hormonal need much more time. If you do not adhere to preventive measures, then there is a fairly high risk of very serious consequences.
The effects of hormonal imbalance in women can be serious. Ignoring the symptoms caused by hormonal imbalances can lead to such consequences as the excessive growth of body hair, obesity, infertility, breast cancer and other serious complications.