• The first miracle of Iceland - nature
  • Popular excursions: the Valley of the Geysers and the park Thingvellir
  • Fjords - a rare attraction of the planet
  • "The gates of the underworld"
  • Blue Lagoon - another miracle of nature
  • "Smoking bay"
  • Icelandic cuisine - another attraction

Iceland - a country that is in the north of Europe. It is located on the same island state. As soon as it is not called! And the country of ice, and the ice of the country. The name of the country has given Norwegian Viking Flouoki nicknamed Raven. He first visited the island and climbed the highest mountain, saw icebergs in the fjord stretching (in fact in Iceland so many icebergs). By the way, to live on the island brave Viking could only a year, and then left the region with a hostile climate.

And indeed: the climate in Iceland, though temperate maritime, quite soft, but at the same time controversial. It seems that all seasons dominate the island at the same time: winter struggling with summer, warm sunny weather changes abruptly into the piercing wind. That is why for a long time Iceland was uninhabited island. And the same now it attracts tourists from all over the world: its climate is surprisingly rich in nature and tourist attractions, of which there are a great many.

Iceland - a small country, but there are so many attractions that it is called the small country of great miracles.

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The first miracle of Iceland - nature

Undoubtedly, the main miracle of Iceland is its nature. All of us, visiting one country or another, try to see the city. In the case of Iceland, everything is different: its main domain is located outside the metropolitan bustle. All the beauty and wealth of the country can be seen leaving the boundaries of big cities. Always arrived in Iceland, you see the geysers and glaciers, the valley Torsmerk, Mount Hecla, Valley Landmannalaugar, Vestmanskie island.

You can start exploring the city of Akureyri - this is the second largest city in the country. And from there you can go to Husavik, to the waterfall Godafoss and the island of Grimsey - all these places are close to Akureyri. You can book a tour of the "Golden Ring" - it includes a visit of three attractions: Gullfoss waterfall (Gudlfoss), the geyser Strokkur and Thingvellir National Park, but we will talk about each of these in more detail below.

In the south-eastern Iceland is Landmannalaugar - a mountainous area, where seething hot springs. There you can see and scattered natural "artifacts": canyons, snowy slopes, fields of lava, thawed, the smoking smell of hydrogen sulfide, and simply amazing blue lake. All this beauty will not leave anyone indifferent!
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Popular excursions: the Valley of the Geysers and the park Thingvellir

In Iceland, there are three national parks: Thingvellir, Vatnayekyudl and Snaefellsjokull. But in terms of the most popular excursions is just Thingvellir. However, two other parks are no less interesting. For example, Vatnayekyudl is the largest park in Europe (with an area of ​​more than 1 million hectares). Earlier in Iceland were two parks: Yekulsaurglyuvur and Skaftafell, who in 2008 joined in Vatnayekyudl. In addition, this park is located Askja volcano, but about it later. Park Snaefellsjokull is a huge glacier. It involves an interesting story: the events around the famous book by Jules Verne's "Journey to the Center of the Earth" takes place here. In this park is the famous volcano Snæfell.

Thingvellir National Park is a valley dotted with trails. These paths can wander all day and it does not get bored, because there is very, very beautiful. In addition, there are interesting places: for example, the maelstrom of witches, where Viking times drowned unfaithful wives; the largest Icelandic lake and golf Tingvalavaten Ting, the seat of the first parliament of the Vikings, the Althingi. All of this exciting and informative. Thingvellir is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as the park is proof of the era of Icelandic democracy.

Next door is the Valley of Geysers. It was in honor of the geyser, which is here and is now called the hot fountains all over the world. Here are other fountains: to Gullfoss, tridtsatimetrovoy waterfall, not so easy to get close: around him are always crowds of tourists. It is called the "golden waterfall." It is believed that true beauty can be seen and appreciated only in sunny weather. A waterfall gushes like Strokkur scheduled beats every 5-10 minutes. All three fountains are striking in their entertainment and power. But in fact, in Iceland a few dozen famous waterfalls and more - nameless.

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Fjords - a rare attraction of the planet

Iceland is rich in fjords, where the whole planet is not much: there are very few places where there is a miracle of nature. Fjords are winding narrow bays that surround both sides of the steep rocky shores. The main deployment of the fjords - West Iceland is home to the largest fjords. The most famous of them - Hvalfordur or whale fjord. Previously, there lived a lot of whales and whaling was even a company - hence the name of the fjord.

The territory of the fjords are not inhabited by humans, so there reigns wildlife. In addition to the strange plants, it is found many rare birds. One of them - a dead end - a symbol of Iceland. By law, it is considered one of the most beautiful areas of the island, although there are tourists, surprisingly, quite a bit.
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"The gates of the underworld"

To be afraid of this place is not worth it, because in fact we are talking about volcanoes in Iceland, which are also missing: they are in the country, there are 25 pieces. Moreover, the country has emerged as a result of the eruption of molten basalt. As we already know, the park is best known Vatnayekyudl volcano Askja. Following its eruption in 1875 formed two wonderful lakes and Viti Öskjuvatn. The most active Icelandic volcano Hekla believe. That's him in the Middle Ages people called "the gates of hell."

Another famous volcano - Curling. It is located in the north of Iceland, and is considered the highest mountain in the coast: its height in 1538 meters. As we said above, another volcano is located in the Park Snaefellsjokull. He received the ominous title of "the gates of the underworld", but now thanks not folk art and imagination of Jules Verne. The volcano erupted last time in the 18th century, but still it is not considered extinct.

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Blue Lagoon - another miracle of nature

The Blue Lagoon is not just a landmark of the country. This is absolutely unique, a place of great beauty. The world famous geothermal pool located on the Reykjanes peninsula, which in southwest Iceland. The fame brought him in the first place, sky-blue water, which does not survive, no bacteria. In addition, water has healing properties, for example, can cure psoriasis. The color of the water is really heavenly shade Water almost merges with the sky. The water temperature throughout the year ranging from 37 to +40 ° C. This place is so like in Iceland (and not only), which became a symbol of the Laguna "ice country" and a favorite Icelandic resort. However, judging by how many people gathers here, not only to Icelandic.

Be sure to take a dip, not only during the day but at night, watching the Northern Lights; Spread face with white clay, like savages, and take photos on the memory - here everybody does. You can stroll through the volcanic lava and be sure to buy a range of cosmetics Blue Lagoon Skin Care - cosmetics, this is considered a miracle.

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"Smoking bay"

Under this name hides a sophisticated Reykjavik, capital of Iceland. It is the largest city in the country, and the name "smoking bay" gave him the first settlers, who were impressed by a column of steam that comes from the hot springs. It is best to visit the capital of Iceland in winter. Do not be afraid of cold weather: the climate is fairly mild, and winter temperatures are usually held near zero.

Here you can see a lot of interesting historical places, because Reykjavik is considered a city of literature and culture. Indeed, connoisseurs and lovers of art and historical heritage is where to turn in Reykjavik. There are a huge number of attractions: museums, churches, architectural compositions for all tastes (someone can visit the Museum of the phallus, and someone - the Museum of Iceland).

You can visit the church Hallgrimskirkya that holds a very famous organ in the Art Nouveau style; Arni Magnusson Institute visit: here are stored ancient books and many historical works. Parliament House, City Museum of Art, Arbersky Folk Museum - Reykjavik is famous for its tourist attractions. You can also look at the center of "Volcano", where you can see fascinating historical films about the most famous Icelandic volcano. The most popular is the film about Surtsey volcano: In 1963 he uprooted lava into the sea - it is a miracle that saved the island and the capital city from imminent death.

Another attraction of the capital - "Pearl". This building is in the form of pearls. It was built in 1988 as a store of hot water. In such a complex world, there is only one. Around the "Pearls" planted more than 180,000 trees. Even within the complex is an active geyser, which is controlled electronically. In six tanks located Museum saga, telling the history of the Vikings.

Plant lovers must visit the Botanical Garden of Reykjavík. The garden is small, but it was a place the most diverse and beautiful plants and flowers. For the convenience of visitors beside each "exhibit" you can see a sign on which is written the name in Latin. Sad really just wonderful.

In addition to cultural sites in the capital of Iceland, you can observe the wonders of nature: because the city is very close to the Arctic Circle, it is for the locals to watch the Northern Lights is not a novelty, but for the tourists - the whole event. Here, by the way, you can also take a dip in the ocean - the water is heated in it!
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Icelandic cuisine - another attraction

Indeed, on the right the kitchen Iceland can be considered a landmark. Only it is not necessary to look - better try, admiring the taste. The local cuisine is very original, but we must be prepared for the fact that for the majority of the stomach, it is unusual. This is not surprising, because a large number of the recipes have a long tradition.

The basis of Icelandic cuisine - fish and lamb. Be sure to try the fish sandwiches, boiled sheep's head and fish "gamy" smoked lamb or marinated salmon. Also do not go around attention volcanic bread and coffee that have the Icelanders at a premium. Well, if you want something intoxicating, drink "brännvin" - Icelandic strong drink. And to get from foods only pleasure, not overeat.

 Glacial Lagoon
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When to visit Iceland

Iceland can be visited at any time of year, but you need to consider some of the climatic characteristics of the country. Thus, in winter the temperature rarely drops to -1 ° C, but the daylight does not last longer than 5 hours, which can not easily be transported. In summer the temperature +10 ° C, but summer is a period of "white nights", which can also for many people to be a difficult challenge. On the other hand, it can also be very exciting. In addition, a visit to the country depends on what attractions you want to see: winter is best suited for a visit to Reykjavik and the summer - to explore the local flora and fauna, waterfalls and volcanoes.

Best option - a journey from June to late August. Although Iceland is great at any time of the year!

 Iceland than ready to surprise us "ice country"