Bohdan Khmelnytsky Statue


  • Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
  • Saint Sophia Cathedral
  • Monuments Kiev

Kiev - one of the oldest cities in the world. Sights of Kiev are known far beyond Ukraine.

Data collected by archaeologists during excavations indicate that the city was founded in the fifth century, when only just begun the formation of the Slavic peoples. It took a few centuries, and Kiev has become a shopping, cultural and political center of ancient Russia, the large and powerful state in Europe. Kiev has played a decisive role in the development and formation of the spiritual and political life of the majority of the peoples of Europe, first of all - the people of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Kiev has a rich, diversified culture and ancient history, so, despite the destruction during the war and revolutions, the city of many unique, unique attractions. It churches and temples, museums, monuments.
Back to contents

Kiev-Pechersk Lavra

All guests and pilgrims seek to Kiev to visit the holy place - Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. This is a unique monastery complex, which is included in the UNESCO list of monuments of world significance and heritage. During the existence of the complex on its territory was visited by nearly 45 million pilgrims and tourists who arrived here from all over the world.

The complex consists of two main parts: elevated, where the religious buildings and underground (cave) part.

 Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Back to contents

Saint Sophia Cathedral

Pearl of architecture - the Cathedral of St. Sophia. No accurate data when and who started its construction: Vladimir the Red Sun in 1017 and his son Yaroslav the Wise in 1037 Mr .. But historians say that St. Sophia Cathedral is older than Kiev-Pechora Lavra.

Standing on the site earlier wooden church, built in 952 g, it was burned in 1017 during a raid on Kiev Poles.

Almost a thousand years worth of Saint Sophia Cathedral. During this time he suffered the invasion of Batu Khan, wars, fires, destruction, the carve-up between the Greek Catholic and Orthodox believers. Relatively "quiet" life of the cathedral began only in the XX century, when it was fixed for the status of the museum-reserve. It is noteworthy that St. Sophia Cathedral - the first temple, which is in Ukraine's history was recorded in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tourists visiting the cathedral, should pay attention to fragments of ancient masonry, and inside the temple itself - the layout untouched Sofia of XI century. And then, and another very different from today's.

In Soviet times, despite frequent harassment, the temple has always worked in its usual purpose: to preach, perform the ritual.

On the territory of the cathedral were buried grand dukes of Kiev Vladimir Monomakh (grave not preserved) and Yaroslav the Wise.

  • Church of St. Nicholas

Among the many churches in Kiev stands the church of St. Nicholas. Its peculiarity is that it is the only church in Europe, situated on a small mound in the waters of the river. It is connected to the bank of a small bridge. This monument - the shrine of all Christians, because it is at this point in the X century began the baptism of Rus' . The official beginning of the history of the Russian Orthodox Church is considered to be 968 per year.

 Saint Sophia Cathedral
Back to contents

Monuments Kiev

Kiev - a city of monuments, to see all is simply impossible. The most famous of them - the monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky and Vladimir.

  • Monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky

This monument is located on the oldest and most important square of Kiev - Sofia. Great Hetman became famous for his exploits in the fight against the Poles and Turks.

The author of the monument - Michael Mikeshin known Russian sculptor. Funds gathered at the statue of Charity subscription. However, Finance was not enough, so the monument itself was cast, but the pedestal managed to build a few years. All these years, the sculpture stood in one of the private households in Kiev.

  • The monument to Prince Vladimir

A monument in 1853 on a steep bank of the Dnieper River, where the great Saint Vladimir was the beginning of an Orthodox baptism of Kievan Rus. The pedestal shaped like a chapel. At the top of the pedestal is the prince. In one hand he squeezes a cross in the other - the cap keeps the monarch.

The monument is well preserved. In Soviet times it "liberated" by religious symbols, but recently restored monument to the original appearance.

One of the features of the monument in that at night it is not illuminated. But the cross of St. Vladimir compressible hand, is made of fluorescent material, so it is clearly visible. Many believe that it is an eerie sight.

 Kiev - the city sights

 Statue of Christ the Savior


  • General information about Brazil
  • Architecture, culture and history
  • Sporting attractions
  • Nature Brazil reserves and national parks

Brazil - the fifth country in the world by area and the largest country on the continent. A significant part of the country is the Amazon - the largest river basin in the world. There is a large part of the tropical forests that supply the entire planet with oxygen.
Back to contents

General information about Brazil

The country is so great that it can travel more than a year, and still not see all of its beauties and monuments.

One only beaches in Brazil over 2000. Located along the coast, the beaches of Brazil are able to satisfy any request. Among them are remote and almost deserted, which is so easy to step back from everyday problems and stresses and in silence to reflect on the eternal, looking at the endless horizon.

There are a huge number of well-equipped beaches, located right in the city or near populated areas. On ocean beaches surfers can enjoy a longer wavelength, and the fans more relaxing holiday with pleasure located on the beach on the shores of the lagoons and bays. But if you want to visit the attractions of Brazil, the rest on the sand of time left. Just because in Brazil there is something to see.

 The world's largest stadium Maracana
Back to contents

Architecture, culture and history

The most visited tourist city - Rio de Janeiro. Here, apart from the famous beaches of Copacabana, Ipanema, and a dozen other smaller attractions are located a constellation.

The most famous, have long since become a symbol of the country - the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer, as if hugging and blessing the city. A huge monument is installed at the top of Corcovado Mountain, at an altitude of 700 m. The size of the statue itself is impressive: 38 m high, with the weight of almost 2,000 tons. From the foot of the statue of a fabulous view of the city. You can get there in several ways:

  • on Little Engine by rail;
  • by car;
  • walk on specially built tourist trail.

Not far from Rio, in the town of Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Art, designed by the great architect Oscar Niemeyer. The exposition is constantly updated, so there is always something to see. From the windows of the building offers a beautiful view of the ocean and Rio de Janeiro ..

National History Museum offers to get acquainted with the material evidence of the history of the country.

66 km from Rio has a magical beauty of the city of Petropolis Museum, where you can admire the beautiful examples of architecture of the XIX century.

There are in Brazil and other cities included in the list of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO:

  • vintage El Salvador;
  • Ouro Preto;
  • Olinda;
  • modern capital of Brasilia, Niemeyer built a genius, and others.

The list of interesting archaeological sites include the ruins of the Ruins of São Miguel das Missões, ancient Pedra Pintada with the cave, rock paintings and archaeological sites, Amazon Stonehenge Archaeological Park and other attractions of Brazil.

 Foz de Iguacu Falls
Back to contents

Sporting attractions

Brazil - a country of football. Fans of the popular game will be interesting to visit the Museum of Pele, which contains exhibits related to the life of a legend of world football. The giant Maracana stadium is also worth attention.

If you are lucky to get in Rio during the famous carnival, without visiting the Sambadrome simply can not do. Here championship samba, where thousands of participants compete in skill execution incendiary dance and luxury suits.

 hacienda Pantanal Bonito
Back to contents

Nature Brazil reserves and national parks

For nature lovers and naturalists Brazil - a real paradise. There is a number of unique protected places, beautiful national parks and natural monuments, and that the year is not enough to explore them all.

The most famous natural attractions:

  • Iguazu Falls, located on the border with Argentina. From the width of the water stream Flowing Iguacu far superior famous Niagara Falls.
  • Nature reserve Lensua Maranhao: fantastic landscape of huge sand dunes, which are scattered among many small lakes and ponds with azure and turquoise water.
  • Bird Park: about 4 hectares of tropical forest, which contains a collection of more than 500 species of birds from different regions, as well as many other animals.
  • Bonito. Beautiful countryside, where you can:
  1. visit the caves and underground lakes;
  2. dive diving in the crystal clear waters;
  3. make excursions on the tops of the trees;
  4. fish;
  5. live at this hacienda;
  6. horseback riding and enjoy life in paradise.
  • Pantanal - a huge reserve, located near the border with Paraguay and Bolivia. In waterlogged savannah inhabited by a myriad of birds and animals.
  • National Park Chapada dos Viadeyros, which has a very special place: the Moon Valley. Quartz, for many years are being eroded, acquired unusual shape, due to which the landscape looks ethereal.
  • Aguas Kentes: valley with thermal springs. It is believed that water sources are heated dormant in most of the surrounding jungle underground volcano. It built many hotels, tourists are offered a variety of excursions, in addition to bathing in hot springs.

There are dozens of national parks and reserves, where ecotourism lovers will be able to touch the generous and lush nature of South America.

In this large and hospitable country, good climate, friendly people and a highly developed tourist infrastructure. It should fly over the ocean to become better acquainted with Brazil and its attractions.

 Brazil: a paradise for impressionable tourists