Any child is for the parents a real center of the universe, especially in the first year of life. There have been the slightest change - how many centimeters grew up, how many grams of recovered learned. Moreover - all of these changes are not just tracked and zealously compared with the same indicators from other kids.
Most parents worry that their child is in no way behind their peers. Incidentally, this is not the right approach - each child is a unique individual, unlike anyone else. So stupid enough to measure all the crumbs under one ruler.
However, certain standards of child development do exist - and if your baby is very much does not fit in them, we need to guard. But the alert and not to panic - a realistic assessment of the situation can only pediatrician. Therefore, consult a specialist and do not make false conclusions.
Today we tell you about the development of the 4 month old baby - because at this age begins the first active phase of growing up. Believe me - miss you, dear parents, is certainly not necessary. And not just in this month, and the next 18 years exactly.
Physical changes toddler
4 month pipsqueak has no resemblance to the little flashy ball, which is solemnly handed the pope on the steps of the hospital - it's a real person. His body is undergoing a number of significant changes:
Eyes and hair
The kid may appear with absolutely any hair - long or short, straight or wavy, light or dark. But in any case, these hairs - a temporary phenomenon and that by 4 months they are replaced by others. Moreover, the structure of the hair or the color may differ materially from those that were at birth, so it is not surprising that such a radical change.
The same applies to the color of the eye - as a rule, almost all children at birth, eyes bright enough, even if you and Dad, Mom and brown-eyed. But about 4 months to change the color, sometimes also very radical. However, it is worth noting that even now is not the final color - changes may occur up to one year of age of the child.
Despite the fact that the fontanel is not yet fully closed, it is much reduced in size. Remember that the bone has not - extreme caution, keep the baby from head injuries. However, this applies, of course, not just kids. Also, do not forget about the need to comply with rigorous hygiene fontanelle.
In the first year of life, one of the most important indicators for which doctors carefully watch is the weight gain of the child. In the fourth month of life, daily weight gain should be about 20 grams per day. Accordingly, the end of the fourth month of the total increase should be about 700 grams.
Head circumference and chest
In addition to body weight are taken into account such factors as the volume of the chest and head circumference. At 4 month old boy and head circumference is about 42 cm, and chest - 43 cm. Girls tend to be more diminutive - the circumference of their heads rarely exceeds 41 cm and chest circumference - not more than 42. Of course, these numbers may fluctuate, and at times very strongly, but in any case, the volume of the chest should not be less than the amount head.
Seeing the child in 4 months is much better - it sees clearly at a distance of about 30 centimeters. Not so long ago every child glazik moved by itself, and now synchronously. Check it easy - take any bright, attracting the attention of the baby toy, put it at a distance of 30 centimeters from the eye of a child. Normally, the baby needs to catch it in the field of view and focus on her eyes. Of course, if you are interested in a toy crumbs. Then start moving toy - right, down, up, left - the eyes of the child does not have to mow. Otherwise, once you tell her about the problem of child's doctor.
By the way, doctors say that it is the fourth month of life, the child begins to see the world in all colors. Few people know, but the newborn child perceives all colors as shades of black and white. That is why 4 monthly crumbs begin so actively interested in colored things.
By the end of the fourth month of life the baby is very confidently holds his head, even when lying on his stomach. Yes, and in the supine position to raise the head to reach and examine your feet, for the little hero has absolutely no problem. The head of a little restless in general is rarely fixed - the kid hunting twists it around, looking at a still unknown to him, and the world around us terribly interesting.
In four months, the baby can not be left on the couch or adult bed unsupervised - the child begins to roll over on their own from the back to the stomach and back. If your pipsqueak like activity is not showing, you can try to help him. Turn the child on the back, very carefully, take over and help him turn over. But be careful - any sudden movements!
Do this exercise several times a day and after a few days the baby will understand what was happening and begin to roll their own. And the first time the child often turns on only one side - it often bothers parents. In fact, do not panic - it is quite physiological phenomenon that will soon disappear. In order to get the child to roll over, and on the other flank, put on the side of my favorite toddler toys.
Coordination of 4 month old baby is improving rapidly - the child is quite able to reach out and take the thing that interested him. Parents should be aware of this and do not leave unnecessary things about the kid. Otherwise, one day you find your cell phone or TV remote in his mouth crumbs - he has yet to try everything clove.
The most favorite amusement of the fourth month of the child's life - waving a rattle, intently watching her eyes. Or bend - unbend legs, as if at the exercise "bike". The rest, by the way, the child most often keeps the legs bent at the knees. If you put your baby on his feet, he nachet squat - a couple of minutes of exercise a day is perfectly develop and strengthen leg muscles. However, should not be abused too - overloading the muscles baby completely useless.
Sometimes parents worry about the fact that during the gymnastics heard crackling in the knee and elbow joints. Afraid this is not necessary - a perfectly normal process inherent in all children. And this is due to the immaturity of the crackle of the musculoskeletal system - about two or three months, the rustling stops. In the meantime, continue to gymnastics, massage and everything will work out.
Another issue that worries parents - can begin to put the child in the pillow? And that's good, because many moms and dads are starting to plant the child, without even thinking, they hurt him. Kid delighted my mother released a few spare minutes - everyone is happy!
However, doctors say that it is done in any case it is impossible! Early planting can cause irreparable damage to the health of the baby - the baby back muscles are very weak, and simply can not support the weight of the body and the spine - the immature and the vertical position is not the best effect on his position. You do not want to harm your crumbs? So, wait a couple of months - believe me, they will pass by very quickly.
Speech development of the child
As early as 4 months pipsqueak shows a strong desire to communicate with adults - it starts gulit in response to an appeal to it, and skips already a lot of sounds. Even the crying becomes different - not monotonous, but with the mass of emotional nuances. It is very important to talk with your child. Although, of course, the meaning of your words, he still does not understand, but that's emotional, even babies perfectly capture.
Tell your child about what you are doing at the moment, what's going on about how much you love him - all this will be the basis for its future vocabulary. Psychologists have noticed a pattern - those children, which parents often and a lot of talking, and themselves begin to speak very early. So do not be lazy and promote the development of your baby.
Remember that children under 4 months is very sensitive to all sounds, without exception, even quiet. And about crying and can not speak - Keep track of your emotions in the presence of the child, if you do not want to frighten him. The same applies to loud sounds - falling objects, slamming doors, loud music.
Speaking of music - almost all children are very fond of relaxed quiet music. Oddly enough, but most of them do not like children's songs and classical instrumental compositions. A lot of moms and dad enjoy these musical tastes of the child - is to include music as a kid immediately cease to be capricious.
At about the same effect and have the sounds of nature - for their child, in most cases a sweet sleep. In addition, psychologists are sure that the child's development, which regularly include music, much more harmonious. So, dear parents, do not be lazy - Learn musical tastes of his young music lover and often indulge the child.
The first teeth crumbs
In most cases, a child's first teeth appear at the age of 5-6 months. But there are also such teeth-Swifty, who make themselves known by the end of the fourth month. Of course, this process can not affect the state of health and behavior of the child. There are a number of grounds on which parents may assume that the child started teething.
The child is worried, crying for no apparent reason.
Kid has become much more likely to wake up at night.
Scarce actively pulls hands and everything will fall into them in her mouth.
Pronounced excessive salivation.
In addition, often a child during teething problems start with digestion, can appear cold, fever. Of course, despite the widespread belief directly with teething these ailments are not connected. But the immune system weakens considerably - hence the different diseases. Of course, all children the teething process occurs in different ways - it all depends on the individual child.
There were suspicions on teething? To confirm his hunch, look at the baby's mouth and check the gums. In the place where in the near future will be tooth, red mucosa and pronounced swelling. Although sometimes there are teeth-guerrillas that appear without any prior symptoms, but it happens very rarely.
Parents are quite able to alleviate the condition of the child during this difficult period for him. First, be sure to buy the special rings for teething filled with liquid inside. Before giving their baby, a little hold in the refrigerator to liquid cooled - but without fanaticism, cold child to anything.
Also, do not forget about the special gels that soothe gums - relieve itching, reduce pain. In the application they are very simple - just rub the gel with a clean finger in your baby's gums and a few hours of tranquility are guaranteed. The pharmacy is not surprising confused - a lot of different gels. But in principle, they are all the same, the only difference in the manufacturers. So choose for their financial capabilities, the difference would not be.
Feeding your baby
In order to develop 4 month old baby was right, his power must be complete. The most ideal option for such crumbs of a mother's milk. Firstly, it is in all it contains all the nutrients needed for the physical development of the child in line with the norm. But you can not forget about the development of the spiritual - and breastfeeding directly affects him.
Breastfeeding - it's more than just the satisfaction of the vital needs of the child, it is an act of tenderness, love, and a pledge of future understanding. You hold the baby in her arms, gently talking to him, he feels your breath, hear the heartbeat, feels soft hands. This is useful for older children, and only 4-month toddler is even necessary. Numerous studies suggest that breastfeeding is the most favorable impact on the physical and emotional development of the child.
Unfortunately, during this period women are often faced with a significant decrease lactation. And as a result, refuse to breast-feeding in favor of infant formula. But in most cases this can be avoided - a decrease in the fourth month of lactation breastfeeding occurs in all women without exception. But if the mother does not stop to feed your baby, just a couple of weeks, the situation will stabilize.
The child in this age should eat about 6 times a day, if it is powered milk mixture. Well, if you have saved breastfeeding, you do not have to keep track of time - the child himself declares that he is hungry. Midstream kid - about 180 grams. Although, of course, all children are different - someone eats very willingly, but someone and force can not make.
At the end of the fourth month of falls and the introduction of the first vegetable foods. But before that, be sure to check with your district pediatrician - perhaps especially the health of your baby it will not be allowed to enter the first solid foods now. In addition, the doctor will be able to advise you that it is used as the first feeding. Remember to watch the kids - if you notice indigestion, shortness of breath, skin rashes, stop the lure and see a doctor immediately.
The normal development of the child is simply impossible without a full sleep, and sleep a child should very, very much. Healthy sleep helps the maturation of the nervous system, strengthen the immune system. If a child's dream is broken, and he will have a hard time, and his parents.
At night, the child is much less likely to wake up - no more than two or three times and then feeding, sleep becomes deeper. Ideally, the child should go to sleep around 10 pm and wake up at 7 am. At about 11 o'clock the baby fell asleep again and will sleep a few hours, and my mother will be able to do their business. The second baby naps - about five o'clock in the evening, and he also takes two to three hours.
But of course, this is only general recommendations - parents need to focus primarily on the biological rhythms of his child. Signs of fatigue that tell my mother that the child is tired and wants to sleep, very clear - the baby begins to rhythmically move your head, yawning, eyes t sucks her finger and capricious. Immediately place the crumbs in the bed - if the baby will be awake for too long, he would sleep much heavier. And all this is due to result in a huge scandal.
To sleep your baby was strong, it is important to observe a few simple rules:
Almost all parents are afraid colds, so try once again not to open the window, and strive to hide the baby warmer. But this - the worst decision. If the child is hot, about any quiet sleep is not out of the question - the child will continue to wake up and act up.
That is why before going to sleep is necessary to check the premises. If you're so afraid of drafts - get off at the time with the baby in another room, or better yet go for a walk. Sleep at night - it is very, very useful! Sweet sleep will not only baby, but also you! You should not cover the child too warm blanket - air temperature of 20 degrees rather thin flannelette.
Before you put your baby in the crib, inspect it carefully - on the sheets and diapers should be no wrinkles, crumbs, toys. Linens child should be exclusively from natural materials - the same goes for children's clothing. Whether to use diapers - it's up to you. Someone believes that the diapers are extremely harmful to health, but doctors say it is not so. But in any case pamerse babies sleep much stronger - still, wet diapers because they are not concerned.