Cumbria mix - a kind of hybrid orchids. Flower launched specifically for the domestic crop, so thrives indoors. Unlike other species of orchids, this plant is not too picky, but its maintenance is also necessary. In this article, we will consider all the nuances associated with the appearance of your home the beauty of Cumbria as possible and will try to elaborate on how to care for her.
How to plant
Care begins with the orchid planting. And here there are rules:
The roots of the flower is very thin and delicate, easily rot with abundant watering, so we must take a ceramic pot, "neoblivnoy";
The roots must completely fill the space of the pot, but you can not tuck - better distribute along the walls;
That's the number of the roots determine the size of the pot;
For planting is best to choose an opaque container;
Select from the substrate so that it dries within 5-7 days;
The composition of the soil must include bark and coal;
To enhance drainage can be added to a mixture of clay shards landing, peat and pumice.
Adjusting the temperature and watering
For a correct development of the plant requires a constant temperature. Cumbria Orchid does not need a change of temperature: 18-25 degrees - these are the parameters that need flower all year round. And because such a temperature characteristic of any dwelling-house, put his beautiful you anywhere.
Competent orchid care is not only the right fit and the selection of the optimum temperature. What is important here, and watering the algorithm. Cumbria should dry out between waterings, but not completely. To determine the exact time for the water treatment, use wooden skewers for kebabs. Sticking to its substrate can understand how wet the ground at the moment. Immediately after watering see how much wet the stick - and this is repelled. In winter, should stick to dry in 3/4, and in the summer - 2/3 of the original figure.
How better to water? Dipping, rather than spilling. Pot Cumbria put into a container so that the water covered 3/4 of the pot, and let it sit for 15-20 minutes. During this time the bark soaked and swell. From the usual watering this effect will not be - the substrate is dry much faster and more evenly.
Care during flowering is the same as usual. After watering the bulb may be wrinkled, do not worry - this is normal. After flowering, watering should be reduced a little, until the plant will not let the new shoots. As soon as the flower "will come to life, the amount of water should be returned to their previous figures.
Many growers are advised to wipe the leaves of a flower with a damp cloth. This recommendation makes sense: there is a whole plant moisture, dust is removed and possibly some bacteria. Just keep in mind that excessive moisture can cause root rot, not only, but also the appearance of ticks and get rid of them will be difficult.
Fertilizer and reproduction
During the period of the orchid should be fed a special fertilizer from the store. But note that care should be careful Cumbria and attentive - she does not like saline soils. Enough sleep a little better fertilizer than ruin flower overdose. Feed the orchid should be from March to September, and then the amount of fertilizer is gradually reduced to a minimum.
Very bait also can not start, you need to gradually introduce the desired substance, gradually increasing the dosage. In addition to specialized formulations can be watered flower warm tea or weak coffee - it improves the structure of the substrate, a beneficial effect on the root system.
Cumbria Orchid Propagation occurs by dividing the bush. Caring for the "baby" is the same as for an adult plant. The only difference - it is necessary to very carefully use fertilizer. Before you use them, make sure that the root system of young plants are sufficiently developed.
A few effective tips
Caring for orchids is not difficult, the main thing, to love the plant and try to do everything right. The following are tips to help you avoid mistakes:
White coating on the stems
If you notice this trouble, then - the substrate is too saline. Immediately stop feeding! Watering flower at such events can only boiled water, ideally - to change the ground;
Cumbria does not like to frequent transfers. Flower should be resettled when you notice that the roots are lifted above the substrate. Usually it happens once in two years. To carry out the transplant only after flowering. After the procedure, care is this: do not water the orchid for 5 days, to ensure a uniform temperature in the range of 20 degrees, avoid direct sunlight, no fertilizer, cultivation and permanent transfers from place to place;
Orchids are very fond of light, but Cumbria be protected from the bright sun. The window on which the flower must be covered with at least a thin tulle. If Cumbria blooms in winter or fall, it is necessary to install additional lighting - you can use fluorescent lights.
If you are in an apartment, there are several different types of orchids, you take care of humidity. The best option - from time to time (for example, once every two days) sprayed from a spray the air around each plant.
If you notice any spots on the leaves of plants, it is necessary to contact the florist for advice - probably sick flower. Orchids die rather slowly - they can stand with green leaves and even to blossom, but the roots are already dead.
It is believed that orchids are very capricious flowers and care for them involves various difficulties. But Cumbria is an exception to the rule. It is as if specially bred for busy or lazy gardeners. It is not necessary to stand on the balcony to create temperature differences. It is not choosy to coverage, does not require frequent watering and direct. So feel free to purchase this plant, and your home will be amazing, "a ray of happiness", which give an excellent mood you and your family.
We recommend that read: Diseases of orchids and their treatment
Lighting and watering orchids growing in pots
Humidity and temperature
Choosing pots and soil for orchids
Different types of indoor orchid flower growers have long liked. It is difficult to find a plant that could just as worthy as this princess tropical conservatory to decorate your home. Indeed, a slender stalk with juicy green leaves and incredible brightness blooming buds just make sure not to admire their harmonious combination. But for those of you who have decided to buy an orchid in a pot, you must know that now on your windowsill settled fairly demanding guests, waiting for the owner of the special care.
You will have to provide it with a suitable soil, the proper amount of light, moisture and watering and fertilizing fertilizers. Do not forget about the transplant, which require plants grown. All of these conditions point to a difficult and time-consuming maintenance, but it is necessary if you want to please you the orchid blooms regularly, not just green grown shy prude.
But first you have to understand how to choose and where to buy this tropical beauty, with orchids because the matter is not so simple. Acquire better not to plant in a supermarket, and a small private conservatory. That's where you most likely will sell healthy orchid, which receives all the required care from the beginning to the period of growth and flowering, not drooping her tribeswoman with flaccid leaves and falling petals.
In any event, note the state of the roots. They should be firm and have a slightly off-white or light green. Make sure the visible part of the root system no signs of rot. Very convenient way to choose orchids that grow without substrate. Their roots open and pot are wicker baskets. And the care of this kind of exercise is easier, because you can tell it's time to water it or not yet. But in all other cases need only be attentive to avoid trouble with the purchase of low-quality plants.
Let's say you've already made your choice and bring the beauty of blossoming home. Now you have to learn all the intricacies of coexistence with capricious "Tropikanka." It is important to understand how to care for an orchid in a pot that it was nice and comfortable, and you can enjoy the beauty and tenderness blossoming buds. This article provides some general guidelines on the creation of optimal conditions for plants this species.
Lighting and watering orchids growing in pots
The first regular formation of flower buds need a long light day - it should be at least twelve to fourteen hours. Each type of orchid has its own requirements for coverage, but in most cases to avoid direct sunlight, it is light to be scattered and come in large numbers.
Only one bedroom beauty is able to withstand quite aggressive at this point conditions - Vanda orchid. But it is during the hottest hours pritenyat. Without this proper care is not possible. But Phalaenopsis just do not like the excess of bright light. In order not to miscalculate, and simplify your life and plants, put him at the window, which for a long time within reach of the sun, but at the same time allows you to bask in the scattered light.
Judge whether you cared for orchid in the part of it suitable for life and bloom lighting can be as leaves. If the light is not enough, they acquire a dark green color instead of lighter shades. On his excessive amount of evidence yellowing leaves with the advent of the dry brown spots. We saw similar signs in their pet? Urgent relocated her to another window sill! In winter, you will need additional sources of artificial light, because the light day will be quite short.
For the normal life cycle of vegetation and orchids in pots basic care is the right irrigation and moisture. Here are some nuances. In the wild plant roots do not experience stagnation or excess moisture and well-ventilated. Therefore, the contents in the home, you will need to provide such care. Such species as cymbidium, phalaenopsis or pafiopedilum prefer vlazhnovatoy ground always, but Cattleya and Dendrobium need periodic drying of the substrate.
The intensity and frequency of watering depends on the characteristics of the existing air in the room and also from the vegetative phase, which is a plant. It should be noted that the orchids growing in pots, are more tolerant to drying, but excess moisture for them can be deadly. It is therefore important not only to carry out regular maintenance, but also to exercise care, knowing exactly when the flowers need watering.
Understand that all is fine with the plant, as it can be the root system and the general appearance. On drying of pseudobulbs indicate sluggish and wrinkled leaves, and excess moisture indicate a sop blackened roots. In order not to commit the most common mistakes is important to know that the active watering your orchids need the period of active growth and flowering. When the buds fell off, and in the winter, when the relative cool and limited natural light, moisture is reduced.
Proper watering can ensure that if you put a pot of orchid in a bowl of lukewarm water for ten to twenty minutes, or irrigate the soil of the soul. It is important to ensure that the excess moisture out through the drainage holes, and then return the plant on the windowsill. That's all the basic subtleties associated with lighting and irrigation, allowing to provide proper care, which requires this whimsical exotic flower.
Humidity and temperature
A popular types of orchids at home also need to provide the correct range of plus temperatures. During the day it can range from eighteen to twenty-seven degrees, and at night should be in the range of thirteen to twenty-four. Slight deviations from the specified temperature is usually good tolerated by these plants, but neglect them too not worth it. And once again I would like to recall that during the hot period watering should be increased, and with cooling, on the contrary, decreased.
Orchids, which should be planted in pots or baskets for cultivation is the natural environment, need a certain temperature difference of light and dark, because of this difference depends exotic blooms. Therefore, if your tropical beauty accustomed to the heat and, therefore, for a long time does not produce buds, try to stimulate this process by moving it to a night in a cool place.
With regard to moisture, then it must be in the range of sixty to eighty percent of that principle is best indicator for the human body. If the air in the room too dry, place the pots of orchids on the tray with special grating, the bottom of which is water, and on top is a layer of gravel. Make sure that the bottom of the vessel concerned only with the colors of the drainage layer. On hot days, spray the plants with an atomizer - do it better in the morning and afternoon to nightfall orchid had time to dry.
Caring for these exotic potted plants provides for a constant influx of fresh air, but we must remember that they are contraindicated drafts. If the room is well ventilated, then you can simulate it using a weak domestic cooling heater power. But in this case from the atmosphere will quickly evaporate moisture, so you need to increase the frequency of watering.
Competent care for potted orchids is not possible without additional fertilizing fertilizers. Their you can easily buy at a garden center or specialty store. Using such formulations should be clearly indicated on the label to adhere to the recommendations regarding the standards. General advice to feed all the orchids is a higher incidence in the period of growth and flowering, and less, if the plant is dormant during the cold season.
On the need for transplanting orchids often proves too obvious difference between it and the width of the green part of the pot. Take the time to do it, if on vases simply acts root system, which is considered quite normal. Orchid is necessary to put in a new container with fresh substrate after the flowering period. It is important to remove the plant from the old pot so as not to damage the root system while removing. Sometimes this requires a cut in plastic.
Inspect the bottom of the flower and remove all dry and rotted roots. Then place the orchid in a larger pot with a thin layer of the substrate and cover them on top of the roots. Remember that the point of growth Exotic do not need to cover the Peat mixture, it should be just below the flanges of the pot. After completion of the transplant is necessary to moisten the soil and put a pot of orchid in a shady place for a couple of days.
Choosing pots and soil for orchids
And now a few words on how to choose the right container for orchids and ground mixture. The main task, which is carried out pots and the substrate, is to maintain a epiphytic orchids in an upright position, saving the necessary amount of moisture at its roots, as well as providing fresh air. Therefore, the ground is almost never contains ground. The plant is recommended to put in a substrate made of bark, coal, special clay, moss and coarse sand. There are some other variation. Pots of orchids, epiphytes can serve as wicker baskets or pots of wire. This exotic flower should be planted in any container that holds such a specific ground and well ventilated.
Terrestrial orchids require the addition of the basic structure of the substrate dry leaves and garden soil, which allow better to retain moisture in the intervals between waterings. Most often the plants are advised to put in transparent plastic pots having a plurality of openings to remove excess water. To cheap container did not spoil the overall aesthetics of its unsightly appearance, you can hide them in large pots beautiful.
If you are just starting to breed and collect orchids, better prepared to take advantage of substrates and soil mixtures, which are well represented in any flower shop specializing in the sale of these plants. You should not confuse the label on the package, indicating the name of the specific orchid. For pochvosmes marked "for Phalaenopsis" great for other epiphytes, and if the label means "for Cymbidium," it is permitted to put terrestrial plant species.
Stick to the basic tips for choosing pots and soil for your exotic beauties, as well as observe the necessary recommendations for the care of plants. It is up to the aggregate of all of these factors depends on the duration of their life cycle and normal development. If you have no experience, that will ensure the proper orchid care, pre-check in place of its acquisition on how and where flowers should be planted, how often to water and so on. In the future, you can easily get comfortable with the role of the owner of such an exotic, as the plant itself will give you the extraordinary beauty and grace.