Spring in the garden - it's time to upgrade and nature awakening from hibernation. Trees and shrubs will soon enter in at the green lace of young leaves. And for gardeners - both beginners and experienced, it is the busiest time. Caring for a garden in the spring directly affects collected in summer and autumn harvest, so it should be given particular attention.
What to do in the garden in the spring? The mass of options. And start over. To protect conifers from the bright sun, protect their shading shields or shelters for the crown of the nonwoven material. In order to eliminate the pests of fruit trees should whiten their trunks and skeletal branches of lime solution (2, 5 kg per 10 liters of water).
It is also necessary to examine the young fruit trees and plants, especially their lower part, which may have formed over the winter cracks in the crust. In this case, you need to wrap them with plastic wrap. In summer, this dressing will need to be repeated. On the trunks of trees can also be found solids of tinder fungi, which should be removed, and the remaining in their wound site to process garden pitch. Options can be prepared from a thick putty clay, consisting of two parts, one part of clay and mullein with the addition of a small straw chopped straw or hay. Also, be sure to make the removal of nests ringed moth with crowns of young apple trees. Hanging on the web dry leaves removed with the help of sticks, it is here where most of the nest are a pest.
Pruning fruit trees
Root pruning fruit trees should be at daytime temperatures above 5 degrees C. The first thing to do old apple trees and only then - pears, cherries and plums. Cut the berry bushes can be, since the end of March. The best way to deal with these manipulations in the early morning, because at this time the snow is still dense enough for walking and not very hot sun. If before all the snow melts, pruning failed to finish better to abort it before drying of the soil.
The correct and most importantly, high-quality instrument - a guarantee of a successful crop. Each gardener must be available in at least two special knife - kopulirovochny and serpetka. A small crop, clean up sections of small diameter, grafting and budding - that spectrum use kopulirovochnogo knife. With curved blade with sharp tip - serpetki can process larger sections and the base stock. Then they were cleaned as sections of all kinds.
The most important tool for trimming a pruner, so his choice should be particularly responsible approach. You will have a long time to keep it in their hands, so it is important to check how convenient size and shape of its handle. Mechanisms pruners are also different - they come with one or two movable blades. One blade is firmly holds the branch and not so much on the crust slides. With the second type pruner can achieve a more accurate cut and cut the thread at the base.
Also, it is difficult to work in the garden without arm saws (hacksaw garden). With the help of its regulatory direction leaf can easily thin out thick branches or vertically oriented. In order to thin out the trees thickened and shrubs, convenient to use loppers, which are not left in place cut the protruding parts.
Clipped shoots valuable fruit crops are not infected with diseases and not mechanically damaged, can be used for vaccination, and berry bushes - for propagation. Store shoots before they need to use in snow or wet sand in the basement. Each variety is best sign of a pen on the foil.
Care of ornamental shrubs
Abundant blooms, beautiful foliage or needles make a graceful ornamental shrubs real decoration of the garden almost any style. It is a mistake to believe that after planting shrubs do not require any maintenance. The timely and proper pruning required all kinds of ornamental shrubs, it is necessary to remove dead and damaged shoots, helps curb the rapid growth and the formation of a beautiful crown, stimulate flowering, as well as the rejuvenation of old bushes. The main task of pruning shrubs smart is to achieve maximum decorative effect for which these plants and planted.
Method trimming bushes sufficiently differentiated depending on the distinctive features of each kind. In all types of pruning shrubs can be divided into two large groups - Flowering (these are the same and bushes with beautiful fruit: barberry, cotoneaster, etc.) and decorative and deciduous.
The main goal of growing flowering shrubs are their gorgeous flowers, so with the help of proper pruning can achieve their abundant flowering. Such plants are, in turn, can be divided into three characteristics trimming group. The first group includes shrubs, not forming shoots replacement of the base or bottom of the crown. Each year, gains in these plants occur on the perimeter of the crown. The most common representatives of this group are common viburnum, cotoneaster, graded lilac, magnolia, Berberis vulgaris, the Syrian hibiscus and others.
Shrubs in this group require very minimal maintenance. After their landing in the early years of the most important task is to form the skeleton of the strongest branches of the plant. This is achieved by removing all weak in the early spring, and crossed the wrong location shoots, spoil the look of the plant. When trimming bushes adults is sufficient to consider the removal of the damaged, sick and dead branches. To maintain the desired type of decorative bushes and branches symmetry sometimes trimmed some live shoots.
Shrubs, flowering on shoots of last year, make up the second group. These include plants such as certain types of spirits, stefanandra, Hydrangea macrophylla, mock orange, almond three-blade, Kerry Japanese and others. The flowering period of these plants is usually in the spring or early summer. It should be noted that they grow very quickly, so you need to plant the seedlings in the garden are not more than two or three years of age. Caring for them is the circumcision of withered branches immediately after flowering. It is important to remove the thin and weak increments and leave only the strongest.
The third group includes shrubs, flowering on shoots of the current year. The most common representatives of this group are budleya David abundant flowering in summer form spirit (Bumalda spirea, purple loosestrife, Douglas) and Hydrangea paniculata and tree. Plants of this group should be subjected to pruning in the early spring to form a powerful shoots, it contributes to their abundant flowering in summer or early autumn. Without such care, these shrubs quickly thicken, and the sight of them would be running and unaesthetic. And over time, you can pay for the quality of flowering shrubs adults.
Pruning ornamental deciduous shrubs it should also be done every year in early spring, and the need to cut them pretty hard. This is done in order to stimulate the rapid growth of young shoots, and achieve maximum decorative effect through their leaves. These shrubs are, for example, Berberis thunbergii, krasnolistnyh form barberry, hazelnut, smoke tree and golden form of black elderberry.
It is also important to remember that the crop - is only part of the comprehensive care of ornamental shrubs. The beauty of plants in the garden is also dependent on many other software to their needs. It is also important to water regularly and on time, to feed them, to mulch the soil, remove the weeds, fight diseases and pests and protect the heat-loving plants in winter.
Care for flower beds in the spring
Working in the garden in the spring is not possible without the care of evergreen perennials and soil treatment in beds and flower beds. Care perennial flowers begins in April with harvesting crop residues, dry branches and leaves left over from last season. Also subjected to cutting those perennials that are included in the winter with the leaves. In that case, if pions or phlox stems and leaves are not cut in the autumn, then during the spring works remaining stems are cut almost to ground level. It is not necessary to stack the remaining after the winter vegetable waste in a compost pile, as it can be the source of many diseases, it is better to burn.
Since the second half of the month, you can start planting, transplanting and dividing perennials, since April, more than suitable for this period than autumn, especially with respect to the tender species of perennial flowering plants. As soon as the warm weather, you can divide phlox, daylilies, Monarda and Astilbe. It is important to remember that absolutely can not be subjected to cutting green leaves emerging from the snow evergreen perennials. This applies to plants as saxifrage, young, saxifrage, primula, iris, clove, and other geydera. In early spring, these seemingly quite ugly and frail leaves actively serve the benefit of the plants, as they are going through a substance to food they need for a full flowering.
At the end of April to areas of soil with perennial flowers is highly desirable to add organic fertilizer rich in nitrogen. Then you need to gently loosen the soil around perennials, it is of particular importance if the surface of the flower beds before winter had not been carried out to mulching. In some plants (irises, phlox) roots are very close to the surface, so they should be very carefully loosen and shallow.
During winter there is a significant soil compaction in flower beds, so you need proryhlit it about fifteen centimeters. During this procedure, it is important not to injure the plants that begin to grow later than the others - it Volzhanka, some types of bells, hosts, Astilbe and others. Along with the treatment of the soil in flower beds to weed the weeds is important, because in this period, they still do not have time to take root and thorough weeding perform quite easily. The most easily removed in the spring weeds with long rhizomes and wheat grass, sow thistle and goutweed.
If rapid change in temperature and the lack of snow at spring flowering perennials can be seen bulging, ie the lifting of the ground. In this case the plant should be put right again and cover the surface of the earth around them with mulch. This will help prevent severe overheating of the soil during the day and freezing at night the ground.