Autism. About this phenomenon probably heard all the parents, without exception, however, as long as the problem does not affect them personally, hardly anyone would go into the details: autism, what is it? Unfortunately, this problem has recently become increasingly common and more often, and the available information to be understandable to parents who do not have medical training is still early.
It is for these parents and this article is intended. It briefly, but available are described all the symptoms and deviations in behavior that are characteristic of narsheniya, as well as the basic principles of working with this group of children. Do not forget that the intensity or severity of a violation may be in different children's totally different. But, nevertheless, there are certain general complexity.
The first and the main sign of the autism is a violation of the child's ability to interact with society, and just talk, sometimes even with their parents. These problems are made up of various small nuances.
For example, such children is extremely difficult to master even the most simple, almost innate, nonverbal communication skills - eye contact, body posture and facial expression. These children, even very visually stand out from the masses of children.
In addition, very often, in almost all cases, parents and teachers who work with these children, celebrate the fact that the child is suffering from a disease, can not establish contact with their peers, let alone the friendly relations and does not speak. Even the children try to avoid contact with such a strange, in their view the baby, whose behavior is completely incomprehensible to them, because of their age.
In addition, very often teachers may suspect a violation of the baby, based on observations of his behavior. Typically, these children are not able to completely empathize, and calmly step over the fallen crying out in pain and peers paid him any attention. But do not think that the child is doing it out of spite, it is actually very simple - children suffering from disorder, is extremely difficult and sometimes even impossible, to understand and recognize the experiences and feelings of other people.
No less important indicator of autism is the child's speech. In that case, if the child suffers from autism, he begins to talk much later than their peers, and often were never speaks. Doctors say that about 45% of all children with autism never learn to talk at all.
But even if the child learns to talk, to engage in dialogue it will be extremely difficult. Support any conversation - quite a feat on the part of a child with autism. And from adults such a conversation requires a lot of patience, tact and understanding of the psyche of these children.
In addition, for children with autism, is characterized by an extremely stereotypical and monotonous use of language. For example, a child may suffer from the disorder as eholahiya - constant repetition of the same phrases or meaningless phrases, heard them and for whatever, only he understood the reason to remember them.
Also, another extremely serious obstacle to the normal dialogue becomes extremely difficulty understanding his interlocutor. For example, children with autism, virtually unable to understand that their interlocutor can make jokes during the interview. All said they understood too literally, and the hidden meaning of their child due to illness just simply does not understand.
- Features of concentration baby
For children with autism, it is typically quite unusual concentration on certain parts of a whole. Especially it is typical for young children - for example, instead of playing with a doll, a child can only play with her hands or a dress. Strictly speaking, and in the behavior of older children often observed the same trend - children are very fond of well-defined themes - what - or video games, car wheels or cards.
Incidentally, the urgent need for stability and uniformity is compulsory companion of all cases of autism. Child commits all its actions in a strict, usual order - for example, he always first bites of bread, and only then sends a spoonful in your mouth, or first putting on shoes, and only after that - the cap. Even the road to the kindergarten or school should be strictly defined - by the same route.
The earliest symptoms
Usually, despite the fact that the disease is a congenital disorder, diagnose it in its infancy almost impossible. But it is the parents or other adults who take care of like a baby, and may suspect autism, the symptoms of which are described below.
Typically, the first time the parents begin to worry when discovering that their baby is not very like to be hugged, and strongly oppose this action. Later, parents can pay attention to what the child does not show any interest in games that are always looking for crumbs, for example, in the "cuckoo". Very often these oddities pay attention to those parents who already have an older child, and some idea of how to proceed should be a period of growing children.
In addition, often a cause for alarm, and treatment to the doctor, and we are hearing the baby. The child may, in the opinion of parents, it is very common to hear sounds bad, but some - such as the sound of a vacuum cleaner or a car horn, they hear perfectly. And in a speech sometimes occur quite strange things in the eyes of the parents - the child, it would seem, I learned to talk, but suddenly for no reason, no reason at all was silent, and he was impossible to achieve a single word.
It is important noticing these symptoms, do not shy away from them, naively believing that the problem will go away on their own. Yes, and to write off all these oddities on the individual characteristics of the character baby also unwise. In this case, the only solution will be a visit to a doctor who is able to provide your child he needs professional help. Numerous observations of doctors - pediatricians and child psychologists suggest that intensive treatment promptly initiated these autistic children, it brings a very effective result.
Despite the very widespread misconception that a child with autism, doomed to spend all his life in his own world, and, accordingly, in complete isolation from society, such cases are extremely rare and extremely. The sooner the disease is detected and appropriate corrective treatment is started, the better the child's chances of living a full life.
Symptoms in adolescents
Very often, but still there are situations in which the symptoms of autism appear only in adolescence. Yes, and those children whose diagnosis was known for a long time, during adolescence may have a much bigger problem than before.
Despite the fact that the majority of children with autism, adolescence already has a huge wealth of knowledge and skills, communication problems still remain - the child is extremely difficult to express their thoughts, for that matter, and to perceive and interpret thoughts interlocutor.
In addition, parents should not forget that the act, which is active in adolescence is the process of puberty. And the presence of the child's autism in any case does not negate the hormonal changes in his body. This life span is extremely difficult even for healthy adolescents and what can we say about children who suffer from autism. Parents in this period will require a huge amount of patience and endurance - because their help is very important for a child suffering from autism.
These "special" teenagers during puberty need special attention by child psychologists and doctors. It was at this age is often a teenager with autism, is very high risk of problems associated with various fears and phobias, irritability, aggression, and depression. A solution of possible problems in this group of children is much more difficult and lengthy process than in healthy adolescents. That is why it is important to notice the problem in a timely manner, and take immediate corrective action.
Sensory Integrative Dysfunction
Almost all children with the disorder, faced with sensory integrative dysfunction. The disorder is characterized by the fact that a sick child is not able to handle adequately the information that comes into his mind during sensory stimulation. This type of violation appears quite specific.
- Child or very quickly begins to feel tired or, conversely, is in constant motion. Most often, these two states alternate.
- When you touch this child, he shudders, as if frightened by something - anything.
- Children may experience hypersensitivity to various odors.
- Placing increased demands on the materials from which their clothes sewn by agreeing to wear only one that is made of very soft and delicate fabric.
- Not stand-stained hands.
- Some children can be extremely awkward and clumsy.
- Almost all children with similar disorders marked very bad posture.
- The fine motor skills such as the development of children is very bad - they had a hard time turning a small objects - buttons, laces, small toys.
- They also have a very marked hypersensitivity to sound. Some children with the sound, such as a vacuum cleaner or a hair dryer, can fall into the hysteria, so much it irritates them.
Treatment of the disease
The treatment of autism is rather complicated and complex process. In the treatment of the child is equally important component of the drug, and the work of the children's teachers and psychologists. And it falls on the shoulders of parents is very difficult task - their participation plays no less, and perhaps a greater role.
The main task of the parents - very clearly comply with all the recommendations and destination as doctors, teachers and children. It is not necessary to give a child and visiting the various agencies that specialize in working with these kids. The results are often staggering, even the most skeptical parents.
And parents need to remember about the main components of successful treatment - about love. Believe me, despite the fact that your child is "special", it is not less than the other children in need of your love, understanding and support. And sometimes even more. After all, you, the parent, will become its main pillar and support in this difficult for the child process - the process of growing and adapting to the reality around us.